What is the purpose of peer review?
As stated in the foreword by R. Menges in N. Chism’s book Peer Review of Teaching: A Sourcebook, peer review “helps to reinvigorate teaching, whether the purpose if formative or summative. For formative purposes, peer review provides detailed information for appraising one’s own work. When reviews are reciprocal, colleagues come to be seen as constructive consultants rather than as potential judges. For summative purposes, peer review enriches the evidence on which decisions about compensation and advancement are made.”