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  Home > Educate and Learn > About Raptors > Gray Hawk
 

Gray Hawk

 
 
 

COMMON NAME: Gray hawk

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Asturina nitida

IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS:
The gray hawk is a small buteo, 15 inches in length with a 25-inch wingspan. It has broad, rounded wings, a hooked beak, a short, broad tail, and a yellow cere and legs. The adult has gray upperparts barred gray and white, a dark tail with two white bands, white uppertail coverts, and pale underwings. Immature gray hawks have dark brown, heavily streaked upperparts, white supercilium contrasting with dark eye-line, a dark malar streak, and a brown tail with numerous darker bands.

RANGE:
Extreme southern United States, Mexico, Central and northern South America

HABITAT:
Forest, open woodland, savannah with clumps of trees. Wide diversity from wet forest fringes to extensive dry wooded areas, preferably near water.

NESTING:

The Gray Hawk builds a small nest with twigs and lines it with green leaves. The nest is typically well hidden in a fork or side branch of a tall evergreen—but nest sites vary from mesquite to cottonwood. The gray hawk incubates a clutch size of one to three eggs for 32 days, and the young fledge 30 to 42 days later.

FEEDING HABITS:
The gray hawk’s diet is mostly lizards, some small snakes, large insects, frogs, birds, and small mammals.

CONSERVATION NOTES:

Population does not appear to be decreasing.

   

 


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