Dr. Goyal's research interests include diagnosis, pathogenesis and control of viral infections in livestock and poultry and the development of methods for the detection and prevention of human and animal viruses in food, water and environment.
I have two primary research areas: 1) understanding the mechanisms of plasmid dissemination associated with antibiotic resistance in bacterial pathogens; and 2) understanding the succession of the microbial communities in the animal gastrointestinal tract related to health and development. I work primarily with multidrug resistance-encoding plasmids of E. coli and Salmonella humans and production animals. The goal of this work is to understand the spread of these plasmids within and between human and animal bacterial populations. I also work closely with the poultry industries to study the bacterial populations inhabiting the gastrointestinal tracts of turkeys and chickens. The goal of this work is to understand the succession of bacterial communities over time, and how the modulation of these communities can be achieved using non-antibiotic alternatives.
Clostridial infections, Salmonella
I have been transitioning from a primary focus on reproductive physiology in wildlife to more of a focus on emerging challenges at the intersection of livestock, humans, wildlife and the environment
I am interested in ecology, evolution, and epidemiology of infectious agents. My group uses a combination of epidemiological, evolutionary, and molecular tools to address - pathogen-host interactions, population genetic structure of microbes, and investigations on molecular mechanisms host adaptation, enhanced transmissibility and virulence.
I am currently involved with ecosystem health studies, largely infectious diseases, that seek to understand the ecology of infectious diseases and the interconnectedness between animal and human hosts.